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Chronic NHE-1 blockade induces an antiapoptotic effect in the hypertrophied heart.

Authors: Garciarena, CD  Caldiz, CI  Portiansky, EL  Chiappe de Cingolani, GE  Ennis, IL 
Citation: Garciarena CD, etal., J Appl Physiol. 2009 Apr;106(4):1325-31. Epub 2009 Jan 29.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:19179646
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1152/japplphysiol.91300.2008

Na(+)/H(+) exchanger (NHE-1) inhibition was demonstrated to induce the regression of cardiac hypertrophy (CH) in several experimental models and to inhibit mitochondrial death pathway in "in-vitro" experiments. Since recent reports show that NHE-1 inhibition delays the transition from CH to failure, and apoptosis plays a key role in this process, we investigated the effect of chronic treatment with the NHE-1 blocker cariporide on CH and apoptosis in the SHR. One month of cariporide treatment (30 mg x kg(-1) x day(-1)) induced the regression of CH (cardiomyocyte cross-sectional area: 468 +/- 20 vs. 285 +/- 9 microm(2) in untreated and cariporide-treated spontaneously hypertensive rats; P < 0.05). Apoptosis was assessed by TUNEL staining, the expression of Bcl-2, Bax, and activation of caspase-3 and PARP-1 by immunoblot. Cariporide treatment decreased the TUNEL-positive cells, the Bax-to-Bcl-2 ratio (3.16 +/- 0.32 vs. 1.70 +/- 0.17, untreated and cariporide-treated, respectively; P < 0.05); caspase-3 and PARP-1 activation (465 +/- 62 vs. 260 +/- 22 and 2,239 +/- 62 vs. 1,683 +/- 85 AU, untreated and cariporide-treated, respectively; P < 0.05). Angiotensin II, a growth factor and apoptotic stimulus, was used to induce O(2)(-) production that activated the ERK1/2-p90(RSK) pathway, increasing NHE-1 phosphorylation. These effects were prevented by losartan, N-(2-mercaptopropionyl)-glycine, and cariporide. In conclusion, we present data demonstrating that chronic NHE-1 inhibition with cariporide decreases both hypertrophy and apoptosis susceptibility in the spontaneously hypertensive rat heart. The antiapoptotic effect would be the consequence of two different actions of cariporide: the prevention of cytosolic Na(+) and Ca(2+) overload due to the inhibition of the sarcolemmal NHE-1 and a direct mitochondrial effect preventing mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 6771336
Created: 2012-07-26
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2012-07-26
Status: ACTIVE



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