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A novel cytosolic dual specificity phosphatase, interacting with glucokinase, increases glucose phosphorylation rate.

Authors: Munoz-Alonso, MJ  Guillemain, G  Kassis, N  Girard, J  Burnol, AF  Leturque, A 
Citation: Munoz-Alonso MJ, etal., J Biol Chem 2000 Oct 20;275(42):32406-12.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:10913113
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1074/jbc.M000841200

A novel protein was cloned from a rat liver cDNA library by interaction with the liver glucokinase. This protein contained 339 residues and possessed a canonical consensus sequence for a dual specificity phosphatase. The recombinant protein was able to dephosphorylate phosphotyrosyl and phosphoseryl/threonyl substrates. We called this protein the glucokinase-associated phosphatase (GKAP). The GKAP partially dephosphorylated the recombinant glucokinase previously phosphorylated, in vitro, by protein kinase A. The GKAP fused with green fluorescent protein was located in the cytosol, where glucokinase phosphorylates glucose, and not in the nucleus where the glucokinase is retained inactive by the glucokinase regulatory protein. More importantly, the GKAP accelerated the glucokinase activity in a dose-dependent manner and with a stoichiometry compatible with a physiological mechanism. This strongly suggested that the interaction between GKAP and glucokinase had a functional significance. The cloning of this novel protein with a dual specificity phosphatase activity allows the description of a possible new regulatory step in controlling the glycolysis flux.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 68242
Created: 2001-07-11
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2001-07-31
Status: ACTIVE



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