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Further characterization of a novel phospholipase B (phospholipase A2--lysophospholipase) from intestinal brush-border membranes.

Authors: Pind, S  Kuksis, A 
Citation: Pind S and Kuksis A, Biochem Cell Biol. 1991 May-Jun;69(5-6):346-57.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:1716922

The intestinal brush-border membranes of rats and guinea pigs possess a high molecular weight, calcium-independent phospholipase B (phospholipase A2 - lysophospholipase activities) with the characteristics of a digestive ectoenzyme. A combination of subcellular fractionation, Triton X-114 phase partitioning, chromatofocusing, and preparative sodium dodecyl sulphate - polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was used to purify a full-length, although denatured, form of this enzyme from the rat. Renaturation of the gel-purified fraction confirmed that both enzyme activities were associated with this protein. Gel slices containing the purified phospholipase B were used to generate a polyclonal antiserum in rabbits that could be used for immunoblotting. The relative mobility of the phospholipase B during electrophoresis in sodium dodecyl sulphate gels was dramatically affected by the percentage of acrylamide and the presence or absence of reducing agents in the gels. This was true for both the purified protein visualized by silver-staining and following electrophoresis of the total proteins of the membrane, with the phospholipase visualized by immunoblotting. Estimates for the molecular mass of the enzyme varied from 130 to 170 kDa in 7.5% gels and from 120 to 130 kDa in 5-10% gradient gels (with a best estimate of 120 kDa). Upon solubilization from the brush-border membrane by papain digestion, the major immunoreactive band migrated with an apparent mass of 80 kDa in both the 7.5% and 5-10% gradient gels. A major cross-reactive band was detected at 97 kDa following immunoblotting of the papain-solubilized proteins from guinea pig brush-border membranes, in agreement with the size of the purified fragment reported in the literature and at 140 kDa following immunoblotting of the intact proteins. Similar immunoblotting produced reaction with a 135-kDa protein from the rabbit brush-border membrane, as well as 95-kDa protein following papain solubilization. These results suggest that while there are species-specific apparent molecular weights, the intestinal brush-border membrane phospholipase B is conserved among species.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 6903950
Created: 2012-10-09
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2012-10-09
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.