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Type VIII adenylyl cyclase. A Ca2+/calmodulin-stimulated enzyme expressed in discrete regions of rat brain.

Authors: Cali, JJ  Zwaagstra, JC  Mons, N  Cooper, DM  Krupinski, J 
Citation: Cali JJ, etal., J Biol Chem 1994 Apr 22;269(16):12190-5.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:8163524

A cDNA that encodes type VIII adenylyl cyclase has been isolated from two rat brain libraries. The open reading frame encodes a 1248-amino acid protein predicted to have two sets of six transmembrane spans and two putative nucleotide binding domains as is characteristic of other mammalian adenylyl cyclases. Two type VIII messages are detected in rat brain with estimated sizes of 5.5 and 4.4 kilobases. In situ hybridization indicates that the type VIII messages are most abundantly expressed in the granule cells of the dentate gyrus, the pyramidal cells of hippocampal fields CA1-CA3, the entorhinal cortex, and the piriform cortex. Hybridization is also detected in the neocortex, the amygdaloid complex, and regions of the thalamus and hypothalamus. Stable expression of the type VIII cDNA in human embryonal kidney cells leads to the appearance of a novel 165-kDa glycoprotein in the membrane fraction. Stimulation of these cells with agents that increase intracellular Ca2+ results in up to 43-fold increases in cAMP accumulation over that of control cells transfected with the expression vector. Addition of isoproterenol alone does not lead to type VIII-specific effects in intact cells. Adenylyl cyclase activity in membranes prepared from type VIII-transformed cells is stimulated up to 40-fold by the addition of Ca2+/calmodulin (EC50 = 53 nM calmodulin). The addition of activated recombinant alpha subunit of Gs synergistically increases the Ca2+/calmodulin-stimulated activity. A possible role for type VIII adenylyl cyclase in long-term potentiation is discussed.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 69741
Created: 2002-01-08
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2002-01-08
Status: ACTIVE



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