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Cloning, expression, and genetic mapping of Sema W, a member of the semaphorin family.

Authors: Encinas, JA  Kikuchi, K  Chedotal, A  De Castro, F  Goodman, CS  Kimura, T 
Citation: Encinas JA, etal., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1999 Mar 2;96(5):2491-6.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:10051670

The semaphorins comprise a large family of membrane-bound and secreted proteins, some of which have been shown to function in axon guidance. We have cloned a transmembrane semaphorin, Sema W, that belongs to the class IV subgroup of the semaphorin family. The mouse and rat forms of Sema W show 97% amino acid sequence identity with each other, and each shows about 91% identity with the human form. The gene for Sema W is divided into 15 exons, up to 4 of which are absent in the human cDNAs that we sequenced. Unlike many other semaphorins, Sema W is expressed at low levels in the developing embryo but was found to be expressed at high levels in the adult central nervous system and lung. Functional studies with purified membrane fractions from COS7 cells transfected with a Sema W expression plasmid showed that Sema W has growth-cone collapse activity against retinal ganglion-cell axons, indicating that vertebrate transmembrane semaphorins, like secreted semaphorins, can collapse growth cones. Genetic mapping of human SEMAW with human/hamster radiation hybrids localized the gene to chromosome 2p13. Genetic mapping of mouse Semaw with mouse/hamster radiation hybrids localized the gene to chromosome 6, and physical mapping placed the gene on bacteria artificial chromosomes carrying microsatellite markers D6Mit70 and D6Mit189. This localization places Semaw within the locus for motor neuron degeneration 2, making it an attractive candidate gene for this disease.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 69991
Created: 2002-01-11
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2002-01-11
Status: ACTIVE



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