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Cloning and regulation of cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase, the rate-limiting enzyme in bile acid biosynthesis.

Authors: Jelinek, DF  Andersson, S  Slaughter, CA  Russell, DW 
Citation: Jelinek DF, etal., J Biol Chem 1990 May 15;265(14):8190-7.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:2335522

The rate-limiting step in bile acid biosynthesis is catalyzed by the microsomal cytochrome P-450 cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase (7 alpha-hydroxylase). The expression of this enzyme is subject to feedback regulation by sterols and is thought to be coordinately regulated with enzymes in the cholesterol supply pathways, including the low density lipoprotein receptor and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase and synthase. Here we report the purification of rat 7 alpha-hydroxylase and the determination of a partial amino acid sequence. Oligonucleotides derived from peptide sequence were used to clone a full-length cDNA encoding 7 alpha-hydroxylase. DNA sequence analysis of the cDNA revealed a 7 alpha-hydroxylase protein of 503 amino acids with a predicted molecular weight of 56,890 which represents a novel family of cytochrome P-450 enzymes. Transfection of a 7 alpha-hydroxylase cDNA into simian COS cells resulted in the synthesis of a functional enzyme whose activity was stimulated in vitro by the addition of rat microsomal cytochrome P-450 reductase protein. RNA blot hybridization experiments indicated that the mRNA for 7 alpha-hydroxylase is found only in the liver. The levels of this mRNA increased when bile acids were depleted by dietary cholestyramine and decreased when bile acids were consumed. Dietary cholesterol led to an increase in 7 alpha-hydroxylase mRNA levels. The enzymatic activity of 7 alpha-hydroxylase paralleled the observed changes in mRNA levels. These results suggest that bile acids and sterols are able to alter the transcription of the 7 alpha-hydroxylase gene and that this control explains the previously observed feedback regulation of bile acid synthesis.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 70535
Created: 2002-05-10
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2002-05-10
Status: ACTIVE



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