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Gene expression of flap endonuclease-1 during cell proliferation and differentiation.

Authors: Kim, IS  Lee, MY  Lee, IH  Shin, SL  Lee, SY 
Citation: Kim IS, etal., Biochim Biophys Acta 2000 Apr 17;1496(2-3):333-40.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:10771101

It has been shown that flap endonuclease-1 (FEN-1), a structure-specific nuclease, acts on the removal of RNA primers during Okazaki fragment maturation in DNA synthesis. To study whether the gene expression of FEN-1 is inducible during cell proliferation, we analyzed the FEN-1 mRNA levels in actively growing cells and non-growing cells. The gene expression of FEN-1 was higher in mitotic cells than in resting cells, and was markedly decreased, especially, when terminal differentiation was induced in promyelocytic leukemia cells (HL-60 cells). The decline correlated substantially with the ceasing of DNA synthesis. In the examination of tissue-specific gene expression, the human testis, spleen, thymus and mucosal lining of colon tissues expressed this gene actively, whereas the prostate, ovary, small intestine and peripheral blood leukocyte hardly expressed it. In addition, FEN-1 was co-localized with the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in young rat kidney according to immunohistochemistry. These findings suggest that FEN-1 gene expression is inducible during cell proliferation for DNA synthesis, and is down-regulated during cell differentiation.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 708331
Created: 2003-09-22
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2003-09-22
Status: ACTIVE


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