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Renal denervation causes chronic hypotension in rats: role of beta1-adrenoceptor activity.

Authors: Jacob, F  LaBine, BG  Ariza, P  Katz, SA  Osborn, JW 
Citation: Jacob F, etal., Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol. 2005 Apr;32(4):255-62.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:15810988
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1111/j.1440-1681.2005.04179.x

1. Renal denervation (RDNX) chronically lowers mean arterial pressure (MAP) in normal rats but mechanisms leading to this hypotensive response remain unknown. 2. We hypothesized that this sustained decrease in arterial pressure was because of a loss of beta1-adrenoceptor mediated renin secretion. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to sham (SHAM; n = 9), unilateral (UniRDNX; n = 9), or bilateral (RDNX; n = 10) renal denervation groups and instrumented for telemetric MAP measurements, plasma renin concentration (PRC) measurements and intravenous infusion. Twenty-four h MAP, heart rate, sodium and water balances were recorded 5 days before, 3 days during and 3 days after 1-adrenoceptor blockade with atenolol. 3. The 5-day control MAP was significantly lower in RDNX (97 +/- 1 mmHg) compared to SHAM (105 +/- 2 mmHg) and UniRDNX (102 +/- 2 mmHg) rats. No significant differences in basal PRC were observed between RDNX (2.2 +/- 0.3 ngAng1/mL per h), UniRDNX (2.6 +/- 0.4 ng/Ang1/mL per h) and SHAM (2.6 +/- 0.4 ngAng1/mL per h) rats. By day 1 of atenolol, PRC was significantly lower in UniRDNX rats (1.8 +/- 0.2 ngAg1/mL per h) compared to control values, but was unchanged during atenolol infusion in the other groups. By day 3 of atenolol, MAP was significantly decreased in all groups, but the absolute levels of MAP remained statistically different between RDNX (87 +/- 1 mmHg) and SHAM (91 +/- 1 mmHg) groups. 4. We conclude that the arterial pressure lowering effect of RDNX is not solely dependent on the loss of neural control of renin release.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 7241562
Created: 2013-03-11
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2013-03-11
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.