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Histone lysine methylation dynamics: establishment, regulation, and biological impact.

Authors: Black, JC  Van Rechem, C  Whetstine, JR 
Citation: Black JC, etal., Mol Cell. 2012 Nov 30;48(4):491-507. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2012.11.006.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:23200123
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.molcel.2012.11.006

Histone lysine methylation has emerged as a critical player in the regulation of gene expression, cell cycle, genome stability, and nuclear architecture. Over the past decade, a tremendous amount of progress has led to the characterization of methyl modifications and the lysine methyltransferases (KMTs) and lysine demethylases (KDMs) that regulate them. Here, we review the discovery and characterization of the KMTs and KDMs and the methyl modifications they regulate. We discuss the localization of the KMTs and KDMs as well as the distribution of lysine methylation throughout the genome. We highlight how these data have shaped our view of lysine methylation as a key determinant of complex chromatin states. Finally, we discuss the regulation of KMTs and KDMs by proteasomal degradation, posttranscriptional mechanisms, and metabolic status. We propose key questions for the field and highlight areas that we predict will yield exciting discoveries in the years to come.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 7242632
Created: 2013-04-16
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2013-04-16
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.