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Changes in methionine adenosyltransferase and S-adenosylmethionine homeostasis in alcoholic rat liver.

Authors: Lu, SC  Huang, ZZ  Yang, H  Mato, JM  Avila, MA  Tsukamoto, H 
Citation: Lu SC, etal., Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2000 Jul;279(1):G178-85.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:10898761

Liver-specific and non-liver-specific methionine adenosyltransferase (MAT) are products of two genes, MAT1A and MAT2A, respectively, that catalyze the formation of S-adenosylmethionine (SAM). We previously showed that MAT2A expression was associated with more rapid cell growth. Changes in MAT expression have not been examined in animal models of alcoholic liver injury, which is the focus of the current study. After rats were fed intragastrically with ethanol and high fat for 9 wk, the mRNA level of both MAT forms doubled but only the protein level of MAT2A increased. Although liver-specific MAT activity did not change, it was 32% lower after one and 68% lower after eight weekly enteral doses of lipopolysaccharide. Hepatic levels of methionine, SAM, and DNA methylation fell by approximately 40%. c-myc was hypomethylated, and its mRNA level increased. Genome-wide DNA strand break increased. Thus in the prefibrotic stage of alcoholic liver injury, there is already a switch in MAT expression, global DNA hypomethylation, increased c-myc expression, and genome-wide DNA strand break. These changes may be important in predisposing this liver disease to malignant degeneration.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 7242777
Created: 2013-04-22
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2013-04-22
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.