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Mitogenic signals through CD28 activate the protein kinase Ctheta-NF-kappaB pathway in primary peripheral T cells.

Authors: Dennehy, KM  Kerstan, A  Bischof, A  Park, JH  Na, SY  Hunig, T 
Citation: Dennehy KM, etal., Int Immunol 2003 May;15(5):655-63.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:12697665

Mitogenic anti-CD28 antibody stimulates all peripheral T cells to proliferate in the absence of TCR ligation, providing an exception to the two-signal requirement of T cell responses. This antibody preferentially recognizes a mobilized signaling-competent form of CD28, normally induced following TCR ligation, thus providing a unique non-physiological tool to dissect CD28-specific signals leading to T cell proliferation. The protein kinase C (PKC)theta-NF-kappaB pathway has recently been shown to integrate TCR- and CD28-derived signals in co-stimulation. We now demonstrate that this pathway is activated by mitogenic anti-CD28 antibody stimulation. In contrast to conventional anti-CD28 antibody, mitogenic anti-CD28 antibody induced activation of phospholipase Cgamma and Ca(2+) flux in peripheral rat T cells despite no or low levels of inducible tyrosine phosphorylation of TCRzeta chain, TCRzeta-associated protein of 70 kDa (ZAP-70) or linker for activation of T cells (LAT)-critical components of the TCR signaling machinery. Nevertheless, PKCtheta kinase activity in vitro was increased following mitogenic anti-CD28 antibody stimulation, as was membrane association of both PKCtheta and Bcl10. As downstream targets of PKCtheta activation, NF-kappaB components translocated to the nucleus at levels comparable to those after TCR-CD28 co-stimulation. NF-kappaB translocation was diminished by PKCtheta inhibition, as was induction of the NF-kappaB/AP-1 responsive activation marker CD69. We propose that co-stimulation is a sequential process in which appropriate TCR engagement is required to mobilize CD28 into a signaling-competent form which then activates the PKCtheta-NF-kappaB pathway necessary for IL-2 production and proliferation.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 724661
Created: 2003-10-14
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2004-05-25
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.