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Tie2 receptor expression is stimulated by hypoxia and proinflammatory cytokines in human endothelial cells.

Authors: Willam, C  Koehne, P  Jurgensen, JS  Grafe, M  Wagner, KD  Bachmann, S  Frei, U  Eckardt, KU 
Citation: Willam C, etal., Circ Res 2000 Sep 1;87(5):370-7.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:10969034

The tyrosine kinase receptor Tie2 (also known as Tek) plays an important role in the development of the embryonic vasculature and persists in adult endothelial cells (ECs). Tie2 was shown to be upregulated in tumors and skin wounds, and its ligands angiopoietin-1 and -2, although they are not directly mitogenic, modulate neovascularization. To gain further insight into the regulation of Tie2, we have studied the effect of hypoxia and inflammatory cytokines, two conditions frequently associated with neoangiogenic processes, on Tie2 expression in human ECs. Exposure to 1% O(2) led to a time-dependent significant rise of Tie2 protein levels in human coronary microvascular endothelial cells (HCMECs) and dermal microvascular ECs (HMEC-1) (3.2- and 2.5-fold within 24 hours), which was reversible after reoxygenation, and induced a less marked increase in human umbilical vein ECs (HUVECs; 1.7-fold). Hypoxia-conditioned medium and D-deoxyglucose did not change Tie2 expression, but desferrioxamine and cobalt, which are known to mimic hypoxia-sensing mechanisms, induced Tie2 at ambient oxygen tensions. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha induced Tie2 in a time- and dose-dependent fashion in all 3 EC types (HUVEC, 2.3-fold; HMEC-1, 2. 8-fold; and HCMEC, 3.0-fold; 10 ng/mL, 24 hours). Enhanced expression was also found after exposure to interleukin-1beta (1 ng/mL). Changes in Tie2 protein levels were paralleled by changes in mRNA expression. In accordance with these in vitro findings, immunohistochemistry revealed focal upregulation of Tie2 in capillaries at the border of infarcted human and rat myocardium. In conclusion, the data show that hypoxia and inflammatory cytokines upregulate Tie2, which may contribute to the angiogenic response in ischemic tissues.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 724763
Created: 2003-10-22
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2003-10-22
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.