Platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase gene mutation in Japanese children with Escherichia coli O157-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome.

Authors: Xu, H  Iijima, K  Shirakawa, T  Shiozawa, S  Miwa, M  Yamaoka, K  Kawamura, N  Nakamura, H  Yoshikawa, N 
Citation: Xu H, etal., Am J Kidney Dis. 2000 Jul;36(1):42-6.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:10873870
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1053/ajkd.2000.8262

Platelet-activating factor (PAF) may be involved in the pathogenesis of Escherichia coli O157-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). PAF is degraded to inactive products by PAF acetylhydrolase. In this study, we investigated whether a PAF acetylhydrolase gene mutation (G-->T transversion at position 994) is involved in HUS in Japanese children. A point mutation in the PAF acetylhydrolase gene (G994T) was identified using polymerase chain reaction in 50 Japanese children with E coli O157-associated HUS and 100 healthy Japanese. We then determined the relationship between the PAF acetylhydrolase G994T gene mutation and clinical features of HUS. There was no difference in genotype and allele frequencies between patients with HUS and healthy controls. The mean duration of oligoanuria was significantly longer in patients with the GT genotype than in those with the GG genotype (P = 0.012). Although 11 of 15 patients (73%) heterozygous for the mutant allele (GT) required dialysis, only 13 of the 35 wild-type homozygotes (GG; 37%) required dialysis (P = 0. 030). Mean plasma PAF acetylhydrolase activity was significantly less in patients with the GT genotype than in those with the GG genotype (P < 0.0001). In conclusion, we have shown an association between the G994T PAF acetylhydrolase gene mutation and the severity of renal damage in E coli O157-associated HUS. Our study suggests that analysis of the PAF acetylhydrolase gene mutation in Japanese children with E coli O157-associated HUS may allow the prediction of the severity of HUS.

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CRRD ID: 7257516
Created: 2013-08-21
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2013-08-21
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.