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Rapamycin attenuates bladder hypertrophy during long-term outlet obstruction in vivo: tissue, matrix and mechanistic insights.

Authors: Schroder, A  Kirwan, TP  Jiang, JX  Aitken, KJ  Bagli, DJ 
Citation: Schroder A, etal., J Urol. 2013 Jun;189(6):2377-84. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2012.12.110. Epub 2013 Jan 9.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:23313213
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.juro.2012.12.110

PURPOSE: Previous molecular studies showed that the mTOR inhibitor rapamycin prevents bladder smooth muscle hypertrophy in vitro. We investigated the effect of rapamycin treatment in vivo on bladder smooth muscle hypertrophy in a rat model of partial bladder outlet obstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 48 female Sprague-Dawley(R) rats underwent partial bladder outlet obstruction and received daily subcutaneous injections of rapamycin (1 mg/kg) or vehicle commencing 2 weeks postoperatively. A total of 36 rats underwent sham surgery and received rapamycin or vehicle. Rats were sacrificed 3, 6 and 12 weeks after surgery. Before sacrifice, voiding was observed in a metabolic cage for 24 hours. Bladder-to-body weight in gm bladder weight per kg body weight and post-void residual urine were assessed. We evaluated Col1a1, Col3a1, Eln and Mmp7 mRNA expression and histology. Two-factor ANOVA and the post hoc t test were applied. RESULTS: Bladder outlet obstruction caused a significant increase in bladder weight in all obstructed groups. Three weeks postoperatively (1 week of treatment) there was no difference in the bladder-to-body weight ratio in the obstructed group. However, at 6 and 12 weeks (4 and 10 weeks of treatment, respectively) the bladder-to-body weight ratio of rats with obstruction plus rapamycin was significantly lower than that of rats with obstruction plus vehicle. Post-void residual urine volume after 6 and 12 weeks of obstruction was lower in obstructed rats with rapamycin compared to that in obstructed rats with vehicle. Rapamycin decreased the obstruction induced expression of Col1a1, Col3a1, Eln and Mmp7. CONCLUSIONS: Rapamycin prevents mechanically induced hypertrophy in cardiovascular smooth muscle. In vivo mTOR inhibition may attenuate obstruction induced detrusor hypertrophy and help preserve bladder function.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 7257549
Created: 2013-08-23
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2013-08-23
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.