Transforming growth factor-beta2 mediates mesenchymal-epithelial interactions of testicular somatic cells.

Authors: Konrad, L  Albrecht, M  Renneberg, H  Aumuller, G 
Citation: Konrad L, etal., Endocrinology 2000 Oct;141(10):3679-86.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:11014222
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1210/endo.141.10.7728

Transforming growth factor-beta2 (TGFbeta2) is an important mediator of growth and differentiation. We here describe for the first time the complete sequence of the TGFbeta2 complementary DNA derived from peritubular myoid cells of the rat testis. The size of the rat TGFbeta2 complementary DNA was 1245 bp, and the deduced protein sequence contained 414 amino acids. Sequence comparison with the human and mouse amino acid sequences demonstrated 96.4% and 97.9% sequence identities, respectively. To elucidate the functional role of TGFbeta2 in testicular somatic cells, we studied its secretion in vitro in monocultures and cocultures of mesenchymal peritubular and epithelial Sertoli cells. The highest amounts of TGFbeta2 protein were secreted in the cocultures and by peritubular cells, whereas Sertoli cells secreted only minor amounts. Stimulation experiments with FSH revealed a reduced secretion of TGFbeta2 in cocultures, probably mediated by a paracrine interaction of the FSH-responsive Sertoli cells. In contrast, TGFbeta2 secretion by peritubular cells was increased after stimulation with glucocorticoids and after addition of recombinant TGFbeta2, indicating an autoregulation of TGFbeta2. Furthermore, application of recombinant TGFbeta2 to cocultures resulted in an enhanced aggregation and cell clustering of Sertoli cells, pointing to an important role of TGFbeta2 in the paracrine interaction of peritubular and Sertoli cells of the developing rat testis.


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CRRD ID: 727302
Created: 2003-10-31
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2004-05-25
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.