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Ephrin-B1 promotes dendrite outgrowth on cerebellar granule neurons.

Authors: Moreno-Flores, MT  Martin-Aparicio, E  Avila, J  Diaz-Nido, J  Wandosell, F 
Citation: Moreno-Flores MT, etal., Mol Cell Neurosci 2002 Jul;20(3):429-46.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:12139920

Ephrins are developmentally regulated molecules that may contribute to axonal pathfinding through their binding to Eph receptor tyrosine kinases. In many cases, ephrins act as negative molecules that stimulate growth cone collapse, although some forms may promote axonal growth. Here, we have addressed the role played by ephrin-B1 during rat postnatal cerebellar development. Ephrin-B1 is expressed by both granule and Purkinje neurons whereas EphB is present in granule neurons in early postnatal cerebellum at a time coincident with axonal and dendrite outgrowth. Stably transfected 3T3 cells overexpressing ephrin-B1 enhance survival and neurite growth from cultured cerebellar granule neurons, an effect that is inhibited by the presence of an excess of a soluble EphB protein. Ephrin-B1-induced neuritogenesis is correlated with an increased expression of certain neuronal-specific microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs). Cerebellar granule neurons plated on stably transfected 3T3 cells overexpressing ephrin-B1 show an up-regulation of the expression of axonal MAPs such as Tau and phosphorylated MAP2C compared with neurons cultured on control 3T3 cells. The level of expression of these axonal MAPs is similar to that found in neurons plated on poly-L-lysine. Interestingly, there is a noteworthy up-regulation of somatodendritic MAPs such as high-molecular-weight MAP2 and mode II-phosphorylated MAP1B in neurons cultured on stably transfected 3T3 cells overexpressing ephrin-B1 compared with neurons plated on either control 3T3 cells or poly-L-lysine. In view of these data, we suggest that ephrin-B1 favors dendritogenesis of granule neurons during cerebellum development.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 727396
Created: 2003-10-31
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2003-10-31
Status: ACTIVE


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