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Substrate selectivity and sensitivity to inhibition by FK506 and cyclosporin A of calcineurin heterodimers composed of the alpha or beta catalytic subunit.

Authors: Perrino, BA  Wilson, AJ  Ellison, P  Clapp, LH 
Citation: Perrino BA, etal., Eur J Biochem 2002 Jul;269(14):3540-8.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:12135494

The calcineurin (CaN) alpha and beta catalytic subunit isoforms are coexpressed within almost all cell types. The enzymatic properties of CaN heterodimers comprised of the regulatory B subunit (CnB) with either the alpha or beta catalytic subunit were compared using in vitro phosphatase assays. CaN containing the alpha isoform (CnA alpha) has lower K(m) and higher V(max) values than CaN containing the beta isoform (CnA beta) toward the PO4-RII, PO4-DARPP-32(20-38) peptides, and p-nitrophenylphosphate (pNPP). CaN heterodimers containing the alpha or beta catalytic subunit isoform displayed identical calmodulin dissociation rates. Similar inhibition curves for each CaN heterodimer were obtained with the CaN autoinhibitory peptide (CaP) and cyclophilin A/cyclosporin A (CyPA/CsA) using each peptide substrate at K(m) concentrations, except for a five- to ninefold higher IC50 value measured for CaN containing the beta isoform with p-nitrophenylphosphate as substrate. No difference in stimulation of phosphatase activity toward p-nitrophenylphosphate by FKBP12/FK506 was observed. At low concentrations of FKBP12/FK506, CaN containing the alpha isoform is more sensitive to inhibition than CaN containing the beta isoform using the phosphopeptide substrates. Higher concentrations of FKBP12/FK506 are required for maximal inhibition of beta CaN using PO4-DARPP-32(20-38) as substrate. The functional differences conferred upon CaN by the alpha or beta catalytic subunit isoforms suggest that the alpha:beta and CaN:substrate ratios may determine the levels of CaN phosphatase activity toward specific substrates within tissues and specific cell types. These findings also indicate that the alpha and beta catalytic subunit isoforms give rise to substrate-dependent differences in sensitivity toward FKBP12/FK506.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 729536
Created: 2003-11-26
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2004-05-25
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.