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cDNA and deduced amino acid sequence for the rat hydrophobic pulmonary surfactant-associated protein, SP-B.

Authors: Emrie, PA  Shannon, JM  Mason, RJ  Fisher, JH 
Citation: Emrie PA, etal., Biochim Biophys Acta 1989 Feb 23;994(3):215-21.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:2920185

Pulmonary surfactant prevents collapse of lung alveoli by lowering surface tension at the air/liquid interface. The hydrophobic surfactant associated proteins SP-B and SP-C have been shown to be important in surfactant function and metabolism. A cDNA clone for rat SP-B was isolated and sequenced. Northern analysis showed mRNA for SP-B was present in whole lung and was greatly enriched in alveolar type II cells, but was not present in brain, kidney, spleen or liver. A full length transcript of the rat SP-B cDNA clone consists of 1536 bases and encodes an open reading frame of 376 amino acids. The predicted molecular mass of the primary translation product is 42 kDa and the predicted molecular mass of the mature protein is 8 kDa. Extensive homology exists between the rat sequence for SP-B and those reported for human and canine SP-B. The position of 25 cysteine residues has been extremely well preserved across all three species. An N-linked glycosylation site in the COOH region has been conserved across all three species. A search of the NIH database revealed homology between rat SP-B and the active site for the mouse contrapsin serum proteinase inhibitor.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 729692
Created: 2003-11-26
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2004-05-25
Status: ACTIVE



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