Innate recognition network driving herpes simplex virus-induced corneal immunopathology: role of the toll pathway in early inflammatory events in stromal keratitis.

Authors: Sarangi, PP  Kim, B  Kurt-Jones, E  Rouse, BT 
Citation: Sarangi PP, etal., J Virol. 2007 Oct;81(20):11128-38. Epub 2007 Aug 8.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:17686871
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1128/JVI.01008-07

Ocular infection with herpes simplex virus (HSV) sets off an array of events that succeed in clearing virus from the cornea but leaves the tissue with a CD4(+) T-cell-orchestrated chronic inflammatory lesion that impairs vision. We demonstrate that Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling forms a part of the recognition system that induces the syndrome that eventually culminates in immunopathology. Accordingly, in a comparison of the outcomes of infection in wild-type (WT) mice and those lacking TLR function, it was apparent that the absence of TLR2 and, to a lesser extent, TLR9 resulted in significantly diminished lesions. Similarly, mice lacking the adapter molecule MyD88 were resistant to lesion development, but such animals were also unable to control infection, with most succumbing to lethal encephalitis. The susceptibility of TLR4(-/-) animals was also evaluated. These animals developed lesions, which were more severe, more rapidly than did WT animals. We discuss the possible mechanisms by which early recognition of HSV constituents impacts the subsequent development of immunopathological lesions.


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CRRD ID: 7794851
Created: 2014-01-14
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-01-14
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.