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Impact of interleukin-6 promoter polymorphism and serum interleukin-6 level on the acute inflammation and neovascularization stages of patients with Eales' disease.

Authors: Sen, A  Paine, SK  Chowdhury, IH  Mukherjee, A  Choudhuri, S  Saha, A  Mandal, LK  Bhattacharya, B 
Citation: Sen A, etal., Mol Vis. 2011;17:2552-63. Epub 2011 Oct 1.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:22025890

PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the inflammatory and proliferative stages of Eales' disease (ED) and to determine the influence of IL-6-174G/C polymorphism in the IL-6 and IL-6-regulated protein expression, as well as the development of ED. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-one patients diagnosed with ED, 223 matched healthy controls, and 16 control patients with macular holes were recruited from the eastern Indian population. Serum and vitreous levels of IL-6 and vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGF) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Serum levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) were measured by enzyme immunoassay. Subjects were genotyped for the IL-6-174G/C polymorphism (rs1800795) by a custom TaqMan single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) Genotyping Assays system. RESULTS: Serum IL-6 (p<0.0001), hsCRP (p<0.0001), and VEGF (p=0.0031) levels were significantly higher in the inflammatory stage of ED than in healthy controls. Serum IL-6 also significantly correlated with hsCRP (Spearman's correlation coefficient; r=0.4992, p=0.0009), but not with VEGF in this stage in ED patients. At the proliferative stage of ED, significantly higher levels of vitreous IL-6 (p=<0.0001) and VEGF (p=<0.0001) were found compared with the vitreous of patients with macular holes. A significant correlation was observed between vitreous IL-6 and VEGF in ED patients (Spearman's correlation coefficient; r=0.5834, p=0.0087). A statistically significant association was found between the -174GG genotype (p=0.006) and occurrence of ED. Mean serum and vitreous concentrations of IL-6 were also higher in the subjects with the GG genotype than in those with the GC or CC genotype in this population. CONCLUSIONS: IL-6 expression, regulated by the allelic distribution of -174 loci and the enhanced level of IL-6, modulates CRP and VEGF concentration depending respectively on the acute inflammatory stimulation at the initial stage and angiogenic stimulation at the advanced stage of ED.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 7829790
Created: 2014-01-24
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-01-24
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.