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Glucose upregulates plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 gene expression in vascular smooth muscle cells.

Authors: Suzuki, M  Akimoto, K  Hattori, Y 
Citation: Suzuki M, etal., Life Sci. 2002 Nov 22;72(1):59-66.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:12409145

We investigated the effects of high concentrations of glucose on plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) gene expression in cultured rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). In response to a high glucose concentration (27.5 mM), PAI-1 mRNA increased within 2 h, peaked at 4 h, remained elevated for another 4 h, then decreased to basal levels at 24 h. On the other hand, mannose at the same concentration (22.5 mM mannose plus 5.5 mM glucose) as an osmotic control had little effect on PAI-1 mRNA expression. The expression of PAI-1 mRNA that was also increased by H(2)O(2), angiotensin II, or phorbol myristate acetate, was reversed by the MAPK kinase (MEK) inhibitor PD98059 or the specific protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor GF109203X. High glucose appeared to activate MAPK and PKC in VSMC judging from Elk-1 and AP-1 activation, respectively. PD98059 inhibited and GF109203X prevented subsequent PAI-1 induction by glucose. These results suggest that glucose at high concentrations induces PAI-1 gene expression in VSMC at least partially via MAPK and PKC activation. This direct effect of glucose might have important implications for the increased plasma concentrations of PAI-1 and possibly atherosclerosis that are associated with diabetes.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 8547917
Created: 2014-02-28
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-02-28
Status: ACTIVE



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