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Polymorphic glutathione S-transferases as genetic risk factors for senile cortical cataract in Estonians.

Authors: Juronen, E  Tasa, G  Veromann, S  Parts, L  Tiidla, A  Pulges, R  Panov, A  Soovere, L  Koka, K  Mikelsaar, AV 
Citation: Juronen E, etal., Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2000 Jul;41(8):2262-7.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:10892871

PURPOSE: To investigate the possible association between glutathione S-transferase GSTM1, GSTM3, GSTT1, and GSTP1 polymorphism and the occurrence of age-related cataracts in Estonian patients. METHODS: Patients with cortical (155), nuclear (77), posterior subcapsular (120), mixed type (151) of senile cataract and control individuals (202) were phenotyped for GSTM1 and GSTT1 by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and genotyped for GSTM3 and GSTP1 by polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: The frequency of the GSTM1-positive phenotype was significantly higher in the cortical cataract group (60.6%) than in the controls (45.0%) with odds ratio of 1.88 (95% CI, 1.23-2.94; P = 0.004). The cortical cataract risk associated with the GSTM1-positive phenotype was increased in carriers of the combined GSTM1-positive/GSTT1-positive phenotype (OR = 1.99; 95% CI, 1.30-3.11; P = 0.002) and the GSTM1-positive/GSTM3 AA genotype (OR = 2.28; 95% CI, 1.51-3.73; P < 0.001). The highest risk of cortical cataract was observed in patients having all three susceptible genotypes (OR = 2.56; 95% CI, 1.59-4.11; P < 0.001). Also, a significant interaction between the presence of the GSTP1* A allele and cortical cataract was found with prevalence of the GSTP1* A allele among the cortical cataract cases compared with the controls. Ninety-five percent of subjects with cortical cataract had the GSTP1 (AA, AB, or AC) genotype, whereas in controls 87% of persons had a genotype with GSTP1*A allele (OR = 3.1; 95% CI, 1.31-7.35; P = 0.007). In contrast to the GSTP1*A allele, the presence of the GSTP1*B allele in one or two copies leads to decreased cortical cataract risk (OR = 0.09 for GSTP1 BB genotype). CONCLUSIONS. The GSTM1-positive phenotype as well as the presence of the GSTP1*A allele may be a genetic risk factor for development of cortical cataract.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 8547933
Created: 2014-02-28
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-02-28
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.