Noncoding mutations of HGF are associated with nonsyndromic hearing loss, DFNB39.

Authors: Schultz, JM  Khan, SN  Ahmed, ZM  Riazuddin, S  Waryah, AM  Chhatre, D  Starost, MF  Ploplis, B  Buckley, S  Velasquez, D  Kabra, M  Lee, K  Hassan, MJ  Ali, G  Ansar, M  Ghosh, M  Wilcox, ER  Ahmad, W  Merlino, G  Leal, SM  Riazuddin, S  Friedman, TB  Morell, RJ 
Citation: Schultz JM, etal., Am J Hum Genet. 2009 Jul;85(1):25-39. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2009.06.003. Epub 2009 Jul 2.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:19576567
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.ajhg.2009.06.003

A gene causing autosomal-recessive, nonsyndromic hearing loss, DFNB39, was previously mapped to an 18 Mb interval on chromosome 7q11.22-q21.12. We mapped an additional 40 consanguineous families segregating nonsyndromic hearing loss to the DFNB39 locus and refined the obligate interval to 1.2 Mb. The coding regions of all genes in this interval were sequenced, and no missense, nonsense, or frameshift mutations were found. We sequenced the noncoding sequences of genes, as well as noncoding genes, and found three mutations clustered in intron 4 and exon 5 in the hepatocyte growth factor gene (HGF). Two intron 4 deletions occur in a highly conserved sequence that is part of the 3' untranslated region of a previously undescribed short isoform of HGF. The third mutation is a silent substitution, and we demonstrate that it affects splicing in vitro. HGF is involved in a wide variety of signaling pathways in many different tissues, yet these putative regulatory mutations cause a surprisingly specific phenotype, which is nonsydromic hearing loss. Two mouse models of Hgf dysregulation, one in which an Hgf transgene is ubiquitously overexpressed and the other a conditional knockout that deletes Hgf from a limited number of tissues, including the cochlea, result in deafness. Overexpression of HGF is associated with progressive degeneration of outer hair cells in the cochlea, whereas cochlear deletion of Hgf is associated with more general dysplasia.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 8548545
Created: 2014-03-11
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-03-11
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.