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Analysis of monocyte chemoattractant protein 1-mediated lung injury using rat lung organ cultures.

Authors: Warren, JS  Jones, ML  Flory, CM 
Citation: Warren JS, etal., Am J Pathol. 1993 Sep;143(3):894-906.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:8103296

Using a rat lung organ culture system, we analyzed the role of monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP 1) in leukocyte to lung adhesive interactions and monocyte-mediated lung injury. Quantitative leukocyte to lung adhesive interactions were examined using an adaptation of the Woodruff-Stamper frozen section binding assay. Pretreatment of organ cultures with recombinant human tumor necrosis factor (rhTNF alpha) resulted in a protein synthesis-dependent increase in the adhesiveness of lung tissue for peripheral blood monocytes. Adhesion of monocytes to lung tissue was not increased above baseline after 7 hours but increased more than twofold by 24 hours and persisted through 48 hours. Binding of monocyte to lung tissue was further increased when recombinant rat MCP 1 was added to monocyte suspensions immediately before being layered onto lung sections derived from either TNF alpha-treated or untreated organ cultures. Addition of antibody directed against rat CD11b/c resulted in a moderate reduction in monocyte binding. TNF or lipopolysaccharide-induced activation of mononuclear cells in the presence of [3H]leucine-labeled organ cultures resulted in lung injury as assessed by radioisotope release. Mononuclear cell-mediated organ culture injury could be partially inhibited with anti-rat MCP 1 antibody, anti-rat CD11b/c antibody, or antioxidants including catalase and deferoxamine. Anti-MCP 1 and anti-CD11b/c increased the absolute numbers of monocytes that could be retrieved from monocyte-lung co-cultures while catalase and deferoxamine did not. In vitro studies revealed that isolated rat peripheral blood monocytes produce O2- in response to MCP 1. These data provide a functional correlate for recent in vitro studies which suggest that MCP 1 may mediate leukocyte adhesive processes by up-regulating beta 2 integrin expression on monocytes. This study provides evidence that monocytes activated by MCP 1 can damage lung tissue through an oxidant-mediated mechanism. Monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 may participate in the pathogenesis of monocyte-mediated lung injury by modulating inflammatory cell adhesion as well as through monocyte activation.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 8549560
Created: 2014-03-28
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-03-28
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.