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Expression of endothelial cell angiogenesis receptors in human cerebrovascular malformations.

Authors: Uranishi, R  Baev, NI  Ng, PY  Kim, JH  Awad, IA 
Citation: Uranishi R, etal., Neurosurgery. 2001 Feb;48(2):359-67; discussion 367-8.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:11220380

OBJECTIVE: To further understand the role of angiogenic growth factors in the development of cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) and arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), we investigated endothelial cell (EC) expression of receptors for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and angiopoietin systems in patients with surgically resected lesions. METHODS: Paraffin-embedded sections of five AVMs, CCMs, and normal control brain tissue samples were stained immunohistochemically with antibodies to von Willebrand factor and CD31 (to characterize ECs) and angiogenesis growth factor receptors Flt-1 (VEGF-R1), Flk-1 (VEGF-R2), Tie-1, and Tie-2. We counted large and small vessels in each specimen, assessed each specimen's immunoexpression of each antigen, and analyzed differences between CCMs, AVMs, and the normal control brain tissue samples. RESULTS: The ECs of CCMs, AVMs, and normal control brain tissue samples expressed the von Willebrand factor uniformly, but the ECs of CCMs were largely negative for CD31 (P < 0.05). Flk-1, Flt-1, and Tie-2 were not expressed in the control brain tissue samples. The proportion of immunopositive vessels to VEGF receptors Flk-1 and Flt-1 was significantly greater in AVMs and CCMs than in the control brain tissue samples (P < 0.05). Tie-2 in AVMs and CCMs was expressed in a higher percentage of immunopositive vessels than in the control brain tissue samples, but the difference was not statistically significant. Tie-1 was expressed in rare vessels of all lesion types and control brain tissue samples. CONCLUSION: ECs of CCMs do not seem to express CD31 to the same extent that AVMs and normal brain tissue do. AVMs and CCMs show greater expression of VEGF receptors, but not of angiopoietin receptors, than normal brain tissue does.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 8551824
Created: 2014-04-14
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-04-14
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.