Higher expression of Toll-like receptors 2, 3, 4, and 8 in ocular Behcet's disease.

Authors: Liu, X  Wang, C  Ye, Z  Kijlstra, A  Yang, P 
Citation: Liu X, etal., Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013 Sep 5;54(9):6012-7. doi: 10.1167/iovs.13-12159.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:23908180
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1167/iovs.13-12159

PURPOSE: To investigate the role of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) 2, 3, 4, and 8 in the pathogenesis of Behcet's disease (BD). METHODS: Sixteen patients with active ocular BD and 16 healthy volunteers were included in this study. Total RNA was isolated from PBMCs to determine mRNA levels of TLRs, including TLR2, TLR3, TLR4, and TLR8. Cell surface receptor activity of these TLRs was investigated by FACS analysis. Monocytes and naive T cells from patients and controls were cultured with or without TLR ligands, such as LPS, PGN, R848, or PolyI:C. Culture supernatants were collected and IL-17, IL-1beta, and IL-23 were analyzed by ELISA. RESULTS: A markedly higher expression at the mRNA and protein level of TLR2, TLR3, TLR4, and TLR8 was observed in active BD patients as compared with controls. Significantly higher levels of IL-1beta and IL-23 were detected in the supernatants of monocytes stimulated with LPS or PGN. A significantly higher level of IL-17 was observed in the supernatants of naive T cells and monocytes stimulated with LPS or PGN in BD patients as compared with controls. Upon stimulation with R848 or PolyI:C, the levels of IL-17 in the supernatants of naive T cells and monocytes and IL-23 levels in the supernatants of monocytes were not different between BD patients and controls. CONCLUSIONS: A higher expression of TLRs may be involved in the pathogenesis of BD.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 8552883
Created: 2014-04-30
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-04-30
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.