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Calpain 2 activated through N-methyl-D-aspartic acid receptor signaling cleaves CPEB3 and abrogates CPEB3-repressed translation in neurons.

Authors: Wang, CF  Huang, YS 
Citation: Wang CF and Huang YS, Mol Cell Biol. 2012 Aug;32(16):3321-32. doi: 10.1128/MCB.00296-12. Epub 2012 Jun 18.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:22711986
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1128/MCB.00296-12

Long-term memory requires the activity-dependent reorganization of the synaptic proteome to modulate synaptic efficacy and consequently consolidate memory. Activity-regulated RNA translation can change the protein composition at the stimulated synapse. Cytoplasmic polyadenylation element-binding protein 3 (CPEB3) is a sequence-specific RNA-binding protein that represses translation of its target mRNAs in neurons, while activation of N-methyl-d-aspartic acid (NMDA) receptors alleviates this repression. Although recent research has revealed the mechanism of CPEB3-inhibited translation, how NMDA receptor signaling modulates the translational activity of CPEB3 remains unclear. This study shows that the repressor CPEB3 is degraded in NMDA-stimulated neurons and that the degradation of CPEB3 is accompanied by the elevated expression of CPEB3's target, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), mostly at the translational level. Using pharmacological and knockdown approaches, we have identified that calpain 2, activated by the influx of calcium through NMDA receptors, proteolyzes the N-terminal repression motif but not the C-terminal RNA-binding domain of CPEB3. As a result, the calpain 2-cleaved CPEB3 fragment binds to RNA but fails to repress translation. Therefore, the cleavage of CPEB3 by NMDA-activated calpain 2 accounts for the activity-related translation of CPEB3-targeted RNAs.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 8553623
Created: 2014-05-08
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-05-08
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.