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Novel proliferative effect of phospholipase A2 in Swiss 3T3 cells via specific binding site.

Authors: Arita, H  Hanasaki, K  Nakano, T  Oka, S  Teraoka, H  Matsumoto, K 
Citation: Arita H, etal., J Biol Chem. 1991 Oct 15;266(29):19139-41.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:1918029

Phospholipase A2 (PLA2), EC 3.1.1.4, which catalyzes the release of free fatty acids from the sn-2 position of glycerophospholipids, has been extensively studied from the viewpoint of eicosanoid production (Arita, H., Nakano, T., and Hanasaki, K. (1989) Prog. Lipid Res. 28, 273-301). Several lines of evidence suggest that extracellular PLA2 is pathophysiologically related to some disorders, including inflammation and hypersensitivity. Despite this, little is known of the precise mechanism of the pathological processes as well as their intrinsic correlation with dysfunction. Here, we report a novel PLA2 action on the proliferation of Swiss 3T3 fibroblasts via specific binding sites of approximately Mr 200,000. Pancreatic type PLA2 in the active form specifically recognized the sites and stimulated thymidine incorporation in DNA. Its inactive zymogen and other PLA2s from platelets, snake, and bee venoms showed much lesser activities. Although the physiological significance remains to be identified, our finding is the first to offer a new viewpoint on the effect of mammalian extracellular PLA2 on cellular function.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 8553780
Created: 2014-05-08
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-05-08
Status: ACTIVE



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