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Preferential neurotrophic activity of fibroblast growth factor-20 for dopaminergic neurons through fibroblast growth factor receptor-1c.

Authors: Ohmachi, S  Mikami, T  Konishi, M  Miyake, A  Itoh, N 
Citation: Ohmachi S, etal., J Neurosci Res. 2003 May 15;72(4):436-43.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:12704805
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1002/jnr.10592

Degeneration of dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra causes Parkinson's disease. Therefore, neurotrophic factors for dopaminergic neurons are of substantial clinical interest. Fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-20 preferentially expressed in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNPC) of the rat brain significantly enhanced the survival of midbrain dopaminergic neurons. Here we examined the mechanism of action of FGF-20 on dopaminergic neurons. FGF-20 slightly enhanced the survival of total neurons of the midbrain, indicating that it preferentially enhanced the survival of dopaminergic neurons. FGF receptor (FGFR)-1c was found to be expressed abundantly in dopaminergic neurons in the SNPC but at much lower levels in neurons of other midbrain regions by in situ hybridization. FGF-20 was also found to bind FGFR-1c with high affinity with the BIAcore system. Furthermore, FGF-20 activated the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway, which is the major intracellular signaling pathway of FGFs. Both the FGFR-1 inhibitor SU5402 and the MAPK pathway inhibitor PD98059 also significantly inhibited the activation of the MAPK pathway by FGF-20 and the neurotrophic activity of FGF-20. The present findings indicate that the activation of the MAPK pathway by FGF-20 signaling through FGFR-1c plays important roles in the survival of dopaminergic neurons in the SNPC.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 8553960
Created: 2014-05-08
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-05-08
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.