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Identification of a dehydrogenase acting on D-2-hydroxyglutarate.

Authors: Achouri, Y  Noel, G  Vertommen, D  Rider, MH  Veiga-da-Cunha, M  Van Schaftingen, E 
Citation: Achouri Y, etal., Biochem J. 2004 Jul 1;381(Pt 1):35-42.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:15070399
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1042/BJ20031933

Extracts of frozen rat liver were found to catalyse the formation of 3H2O from DL-2-hydroxy[2-3H]glutarate. Three peaks of enzyme activities were observed on separation by chromatography on DEAE-Sepharose. The first and second peaks corresponded to an enzyme acting on L-2-hydroxyglutarate and the third peak corresponded to an enzyme acting on D-2-hydroxyglutarate, as indicated by competitive inhibition of the detritiation of the racemic radioactive compound by the unlabelled L- and D-isomers respectively. The enzyme acting on the D-form was further characterized. It was independent of NAD or NADP and it converted D-2-hydroxyglutarate into a-ketoglutarate, transferring electrons to artificial electron acceptors. It also oxidized D-lactate, D-malate and meso-tartrate and was stimulated by Zn2+, Co2+ and Mn2+, but not by Mg2+ or Ca2+. Subcellular fractionation indicated that it was present in the mitochondrial fraction. The enzyme was further purified by chromatography on Blue Trisacryl and phenyl-Sepharose, up to a stage where only a few bands were still visible by SDS/PAGE. Among the four candidate polypeptides that were identified by MS, one corresponded to a predicted mitochondrial protein homologous with FAD-dependent D-lactate dehydrogenase. The corresponding human protein was expressed in HEK-293 cells and it was shown to catalyse the detritiation of DL-2-hydroxy[2-3H]glutarate with similar properties as the purified rat enzyme.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 8553974
Created: 2014-05-08
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-05-08
Status: ACTIVE



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