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Hypoxia regulates PDGF-B interactions between glomerular capillary endothelial and mesangial cells.

Authors: Eng, E  Holgren, C  Hubchak, S  Naaz, P  Schnaper, HW 
Citation: Eng E, etal., Kidney Int. 2005 Aug;68(2):695-703.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:16014047
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1111/j.1523-1755.2005.00448.x

BACKGROUND: Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-B regulates mesangial cell and vessel development during embryogenesis, and contributes to the pathogenesis of adult renal and vascular diseases. Endothelial cell PDGF-B exerts paracrine effects on mesangial cells, but its regulation is not well defined. We examined the impact of hypoxia on PDGF-B-mediated interactions between glomerular endothelial and mesangial cells, a condition of potential relevance in developing, and diseased adult, kidneys. METHODS: Glomerular endothelial or mesangial cells were subjected to hypoxia and responses compared to normoxic cells. Endothelial PDGF-B was studied by Northern and Western analysis. Mesangial proliferative responses to PDGF-B were assessed by (3)H-thymidine incorporation, and migration by a modified Boyden chamber assay. Hypoxia-induced changes in receptor specific binding capacity were studied by saturation binding assays. RESULTS: Hypoxia stimulated increases in endothelial PDGF-B mRNA and protein. In normoxic mesangial cells, PDGF-B stimulated dose-dependent proliferation, but the proliferative response of hypoxic cells was two to three times greater. Exogenous PDGF-B also caused prompter migration in hypoxic mesangial cells. Mesangial cells were treated with endothelial cell-conditioned medium. More cells migrated when hypoxic cells were stimulated with hypoxic conditioned medium, than when normoxic cells were stimulated with normoxic conditioned medium. Preincubating conditioned medium with PDGF-B neutralizing antibody greatly decreased the chemoattractant activity. Binding studies demonstrated increased specific binding capacity in hypoxic cells. CONCLUSION: Hypoxia enhances PDGF-B paracrine interactions between glomerular endothelial and mesangial cells. These hypoxia-regulated interactions may be important during glomerulogenesis in fetal life and during the pathogenesis of adult glomerular disease.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 8554459
Created: 2014-05-08
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-05-08
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.