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Platelet-derived growth factor receptor beta regulates migration and DNA synthesis in metanephric mesenchymal cells.

Authors: Arar, M  Xu, YC  Elshihabi, I  Barnes, JL  Choudhury, GG  Abboud, HE 
Citation: Arar M, etal., J Biol Chem. 2000 Mar 31;275(13):9527-33.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:10734101

Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) B-chain and PDGF receptor beta (PDGFR beta) are essential for glomerulogenesis. Mice deficient in PDGF B-chain or PDGFR beta exhibit an abnormal glomerular phenotype characterized by total lack of mesangial cells. In this study, we localized PDGFR beta in the developing rat kidney and explored the biological effects of PDGF in metanephric mesenchymal cells in an attempt to determine the mechanism by which PDGF regulates mesangial cell development. Immunohistochemical and in situ hybridization studies of rat embryonic kidneys reveal that PDGFR beta localizes to undifferentiated metanephric mesenchyme and is later expressed in the cleft of the comma-shaped and S-shaped bodies and in more mature glomeruli in a mesangial distribution. We also isolated and characterized cells from rat metanephric mesenchyme. Metanephric mesenchymal cells express vimentin and alpha-smooth muscle actin but not cytokeratin. These cells also express functional PDGFR beta, as demonstrated by autophosphorylation of the receptor as well as activation of phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase in response to PDGF B-chain homodimer. PDGF B-chain also induces migration and proliferation of metanephric mesenchymal cells. Taken together with the fact that PDGF B-chain is expressed in the glomerular epithelium and mesangial area, as demonstrated in the human embryonic kidney, we suggest that PDGF B-chain acts in a paracrine fashion to stimulate the migration and proliferation of mesangial cell precursors from undifferentiated metanephric mesenchyme to the mesangial area. PDGF B-chain also likely stimulates proliferation of mesangial cell precursors in an autocrine fashion once these cells migrate to the glomerular tuft.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 8554631
Created: 2014-05-08
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-05-08
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.