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Fas/APO-1/CD95 system as a mediator of granulosa cell apoptosis in ovarian follicle atresia.

Authors: Hakuno, N  Koji, T  Yano, T  Kobayashi, N  Tsutsumi, O  Taketani, Y  Nakane, PK 
Citation: Hakuno N, etal., Endocrinology. 1996 May;137(5):1938-48.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:8612534
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1210/endo.137.5.8612534

Current studies have shown that atresia of ovarian follicles is induced through apoptosis in granulosa cells. Several articles have been devoted to study of the molecular mechanisms responsible for APO-1/CD95 (Fas) is a cell surface protein that can mediate apoptosis in lymphoid cells, and Fas ligand was recently identified in a cytotoxic T cell line. To clarify the involvement of the Fas-Fas ligand system in granulosa cell apoptosis, we investigated the expression of Fas and Fas ligand at an individual cell level. For this purpose, we raised specific polyclonal antibodies against Fas and Fas ligand. Western blotting confirmed that our anti-Fas antibodies (anti-P2 and anti-P4) detect a specific band with a mol wt of 45 kDa in the lysate of ovaries from immature PMSG-treated rats or adult cyclic rats. In immature PMSG-treated rats, immunohistochemical analysis with these antibodies revealed specific staining of granulosa cells in secondary and tertiary follicles at an early stage of atresia, but not in healthy follicles. Fas messenger RNA was also found in granulosa cells of early atretic follicles using in situ hybridization. On the other hand, the anti-Fas ligand antibody (anti-P5) detected a specific 31-kDa band on a Western blot of the oocytes lysate, and the staining with the serum was localized to oocytes in most of developing follicles. Colocalization of Fas and Fas ligand in certain follicles intimately correlated with granulosa cell apoptosis, which was revealed by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxy-UTP-biotin nick end labeling staining of DNA strand breaks. Finally, we found that interferon-gamma increased Fas expression on granulosa cells in vitro. Coculturing interferon-gamma-pretreated granulosa cells with zona-free oocytes induced granulosa cell apoptosis, which was confirmed by Hoechst 33342 dye staining and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxy-UTP-biotin nick end labeling, and the killing effect of oocytes was abolished by the addition of anti-P2, which was expected to interrupt the interaction between Fas and Fas ligand. These results demonstrate that activation between Fas and Fas ligand. These results demonstrate that activation of the Fas-Fas ligand system is capable of initiating apoptosis in the ovary, as are a number of other stimuli, outside the immune system.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 8662934
Created: 2014-06-27
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-06-27
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.