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Combination surgery and nonviral interleukin 2 gene therapy for head and neck cancer.

Authors: Li, D  Jiang, W  Bishop, JS  Ralston, R  O'Malley BW, JR 
Citation: Li D, etal., Clin Cancer Res. 1999 Jun;5(6):1551-6.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:10389944

We have developed a novel nonviral interleukin 2 (IL-2) gene therapy that demonstrates significant treatment-specific, antitumor efficacy in combination with subtotal surgical resection in a head and neck cancer murine model. Treatment of established head and neck tumors in immunocompetent mice was performed via direct injection with a cationic liposome composed of DOTMA and cholesterol formulation carrying DNA plasmid for human IL-2 (hIL-2) gene expression. ELISA assays of tumor extracts 24 h after treatment of hIL-2 gene therapy revealed increased local hIL-2 production as well as a formulation-specific secondary induction of murine IFN-gamma and IL-12. We hypothesize that the paracrine production of multiple cytokines after IL-2 single gene transfer is important for generating a therapeutic effect, and that this strategy will be well tolerated and effective in combination with surgery for head and neck cancer. In animal experiments where surgery was performed in conjunction with an operative site injection of hIL-2 plasmid formulation, no pre-, intra-, or postoperative toxicity or compromise to wound healing was identified. In murine experiments combining partial surgical resection with the nonviral gene therapy, significant antitumor efficacy was demonstrated in the hIL-2 plasmid formulation group compared with empty plasmid formulation and lactose-injected controls. In a separate experiment using smaller tumor sizes, we also demonstrated that treatment outcomes were dependent on the technical aspect of the actual treatment injection as well as visualization with surgical access. The hIL-2 plasmid formulation gene therapy induces local expression of multiple cytokines, results in treatment-specific antitumor effects, and circumvents many of the concerns and toxicity encountered with viral gene transfer. These data support the need for continued preclinical investigation and the consideration of human clinical trials for combination nonviral hIL-2 gene therapy and surgery for head and neck cancer.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 8662949
Created: 2014-06-30
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-06-30
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.