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Close simulation of acute graft-versus-host disease by interleukin-2 administered after autologous bone marrow transplantation for hematologic malignancy.

Authors: Massumoto, C  Benyunes, MC  Sale, G  Beauchamp, M  York, A  Thompson, JA  Buckner, CD  Fefer, A 
Citation: Massumoto C, etal., Bone Marrow Transplant. 1996 Mar;17(3):351-6.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:8704686

The high relapse rate of hematologic malignancy treated with autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT) may reflect the absence of a graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effect usually associated with graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). The purpose of this study was to determine whether administration of interleukin-2 (IL-2) early after ABMT might induce or exacerbate acute skin GVHD. Fourteen patients at high risk for post-transplant relapse, eight with NHL and six with AML > or = first relapse, were conditioned with chemotherapy and total body irradiation (13) or chemotherapy alone (1), and received purged (10) or unpurged (4) marrow. A median of 35 days (range 25-58) after ABMT, they received a 5-day induction course of Roche IL-2 (9 x 10(6) U/m2/day) followed by apheresis, reinfusion of LAK cells, and a 10-day maintenance course of IL-2 (0.9 x 10(6) U/m2/day), all by continuous i.v. infusion. Serial skin biopsies were obtained before and after IL-2 therapy and were read blindly. Patients were studied prospectively for the development of acute cutaneous GVHD as reflected by rash ( > or = 25% body surface area), skin biopsy ( > or = grade II histologic changes) and T cell infiltration as assessed by staining of the biopsy with antibodies UCHL-1 and TIA-1. No patient had a rash before IL-2 therapy, but 12 of 14 (85%) developed a rash during the IL-2 induction course. Before IL-2 therapy, biopsies from three of 10 patients (30%) revealed histologic GVHD; after induction IL-2, biopsies from 11 of 14 patients (79%) revealed grade II acute GVHD. Biopsies from all patients with histologic GVHD after IL-2 therapy contained TIA-1 positive T cells. HLA-DR was negative in the keratinocytes of these paraffin-embedded sections. One patient died early of sepsis, one patient required and responded to topical corticosteroids and 12 had spontaneous resolution of the rash. Six patients relapsed at 3-13 months, while seven remain in complete remission 32+ to 41+ months after ABMT. The results demonstrate that IL-2 therapy after ABMT can induce effects which histologically and clinically mimic cutaneous acute GVHD in most patients. Prospective, randomized trials of IL-2 vs observation after transplantation of autologous marrow or stem cells for high-risk NHL and AML have been initiated which may allow us to determine whether this phenomenon is associated with a clinical GVL effect as reflected by a decreased relapse rate.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 8662974
Created: 2014-07-01
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-07-01
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.