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A variant in the promoter of MBL2 is associated with protection against visceral leishmaniasis in Morocco.

Authors: Hamdi, S  Ejghal, R  Idrissi, M  Ezzikouri, S  Hida, M  Soong, L  Amarouch, H  Lemrani, M 
Citation: Hamdi S, etal., Infect Genet Evol. 2013 Jan;13:162-7. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2012.09.002. Epub 2012 Sep 18.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:22995279
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.meegid.2012.09.002

Progressive visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is fatal if not treated; yet, most infections with the causative agents are asymptomatic. We hypothesized that genetic factors contribute to this variable response to infection. The mannose-binding lectin 2 gene (MBL2) is a candidate that merits examination in the context of VL because it enhances infection with intracellular pathogens. Four functional MBL2 polymorphisms at codons 52, 54, 57 and in the promoter at the -221 position (X/Y) are known to be associated with the outcome of several diseases. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether these functional variants were associated with VL in Moroccan children. Here, we genotyped polymorphisms by sequencing and PCR-RFLP in 112 individuals with VL, 97 asymptomatic subjects and 42 healthy individuals who had no evidence of present or past infection. Regression analysis showed no significant association between polymorphisms in exon 1 genotypes and outcome of infection with Leishmania infantum. However, the genotype XY in -221 conferred a protective role against VL in our study population with a significant difference (OR=0.291; CI [0.158-0.538]; p=0.0006). Subjects with YY genotypes in -221 had a higher risk to developing VL. We concluded that MBL2 polymorphism at the -221 promoter region plays a protective role in L. infantum infection.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 8693726
Created: 2014-07-21
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-07-21
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.