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Myosin7a deficiency results in reduced retinal activity which is improved by gene therapy.

Authors: Colella, P  Sommella, A  Marrocco, E  Di Vicino, U  Polishchuk, E  Garrido, MG  Seeliger, MW  Polishchuk, R  Auricchio, A 
Citation: Colella P, etal., PLoS One. 2013 Aug 26;8(8):e72027. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0072027. eCollection 2013.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:23991031
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0072027

Mutations in MYO7A cause autosomal recessive Usher syndrome type IB (USH1B), one of the most frequent conditions that combine severe congenital hearing impairment and retinitis pigmentosa. A promising therapeutic strategy for retinitis pigmentosa is gene therapy, however its pre-clinical development is limited by the mild retinal phenotype of the shaker1 (sh1(-/-)) murine model of USH1B which lacks both retinal functional abnormalities and degeneration. Here we report a significant, early-onset delay of sh1(-/-) photoreceptor ability to recover from light desensitization as well as a progressive reduction of both b-wave electroretinogram amplitude and light sensitivity, in the absence of significant loss of photoreceptors up to 12 months of age. We additionally show that subretinal delivery to the sh1(-/-) retina of AAV vectors encoding the large MYO7A protein results in significant improvement of sh1(-/-) photoreceptor and retinal pigment epithelium ultrastructural anomalies which is associated with improvement of recovery from light desensitization. These findings provide new tools to evaluate the efficacy of experimental therapies for USH1B. In addition, although AAV vectors expressing large genes might have limited clinical applications due to their genome heterogeneity, our data show that AAV-mediated MYO7A gene transfer to the sh1(-/-) retina is effective.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 8694151
Created: 2014-07-25
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-07-25
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.