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Distinctive changes in histone H3K4 modification mediated via Kdm5a expression in spermatogonial stem cells of cryptorchid testes.

Authors: Nishio, H  Hayashi, Y  Moritoki, Y  Kamisawa, H  Mizuno, K  Kojima, Y  Kohri, K 
Citation: Nishio H, etal., J Urol. 2014 May;191(5 Suppl):1564-72. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2013.10.071. Epub 2014 Mar 26.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:24679876
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.juro.2013.10.071

PURPOSE: Gonocytes differentiate into spermatogonial stem cells, which make it possible to maintain spermatogenesis continuously throughout life. We previously reported attenuated spermatogonial stem cell activity in cryptorchid testes, which resulted in altered spermatogenesis and affected fertility. However, few groups have examined the differentiation process from gonocytes to spermatogonial stem cells. To clarify the underlying mechanisms comprehensively we performed microarray analysis to assess differential expression of transcripts between normal and undescended testes in juvenile rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using microarray analysis we compared whole mRNA expression of normal and cryptorchid testes in a rat model. We subsequently validated differential expression of candidate genes by real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and performed immunohistochemistry. We also investigated the methylation status of histone H3K4 in cryptorchid testes and the GC-1 spermatogonial cell line. RESULTS: We detected 24 up-regulated and 39 down-regulated genes. Of these genes Kdm5a expression was significantly higher in undescended testes. Immunohistochemistry showed that Kdm5a was localized in the nuclei of gonocytes, spermatogonia and spermatocytes. H3K4me2/me3 expression levels were decreased in undescended testes at 9 days postpartum. Furthermore, Kdm5a over expression in GC-1 cells led to increased expression of Esr2, Neurog3, Pou5f1, Ret and Thy1. CONCLUSIONS: Recent investigations revealed that not only genetic but also epigenetic regulation has a role in spermatogenesis. Kdm5a is likely involved in the transformation of gonocytes into spermatogonial stem cells by transcriptional regulation of specific genes via H3K4 histone modification. To our knowledge this is the first report of epigenetic analysis of germ cell differentiation during early spermatogenesis.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 9588526
Created: 2014-10-30
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-10-30
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.