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A chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan PTPzeta /RPTPbeta regulates the morphogenesis of Purkinje cell dendrites in the developing cerebellum.

Authors: Tanaka, M  Maeda, N  Noda, M  Marunouchi, T 
Citation: Tanaka M, etal., J Neurosci. 2003 Apr 1;23(7):2804-14.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:12684467

PTPzeta/RPTPbeta, a receptor-type protein tyrosine phosphatase synthesized as a chondroitin sulfate (CS) proteoglycan, uses a heparin-binding growth factor pleiotrophin (PTN) as a ligand, in which the CS portion plays an essential role in ligand binding. Using an organotypic slice culture system, we tested the hypothesis that PTN-PTPzeta signaling is involved in the morphogenesis of Purkinje cell dendrites. An aberrant morphology of Purkinje cell dendrites such as multiple and disoriented primary dendrites was induced in slice cultures by (1) addition of a polyclonal antibody against the extracellular domain of PTPzeta, (2) inhibition of protein tyrosine phosphatase activity, (3) enzymatic removal of the CS chains, (4) addition of exogenous CS chains, and (5) addition of exogenous PTN, all of which disturb PTN-PTPzeta signaling. These treatments also reduced the immunoreactivity to GLAST, a glial glutamate transporter, on Bergmann glial processes. Furthermore, a glutamate transporter inhibitor also induced the abnormal morphogenesis of Purkinje cell dendrites. Altogether, these findings suggest that PTN-PTPzeta signaling regulates the morphogenesis of Purkinje cell dendrites and that the mechanisms underlying that regulation involve the GLAST activity in Bergmann glial processes.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 9589124
Created: 2014-11-07
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-11-07
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.