CCR6 regulation of the actin cytoskeleton orchestrates human beta defensin-2- and CCL20-mediated restitution of colonic epithelial cells.

Authors: Vongsa, RA  Zimmerman, NP  Dwinell, MB 
Citation: Vongsa RA, etal., J Biol Chem. 2009 Apr 10;284(15):10034-45. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M805289200. Epub 2009 Feb 20.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:19233848
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1074/jbc.M805289200

Intestinal inflammation is exacerbated by defects in the epithelial barrier and subsequent infiltration of microbes and toxins into the underlying mucosa. Production of chemokines and antimicrobial peptides by an intact epithelium provide the first line of defense against invading organisms. In addition to its antimicrobial actions, human beta defensin-2 (HBD2) may also stimulate the migration of dendritic cells through binding the chemokine receptor CCR6. As human colonic epithelium expresses CCR6, we investigated the potential of HBD2 to stimulate intestinal epithelial migration. Using polarized human intestinal Caco2 and T84 cells and non-transformed IEC6 cells, HBD2 was equipotent to CCL20 in stimulating migration. Neutralizing antibodies confirmed HBD2 and CCL20 engagement to CCR6 were sufficient to induce epithelial cell migration. Consistent with restitution, motogenic concentrations of HBD2 and CCL20 did not induce proliferation. Stimulation with those CCR6 ligands leads to calcium mobilization and elevated active RhoA, phosphorylated myosin light chain, and F-actin accumulation. HBD2 and CCL20 were unable to stimulate migration in the presence of either Rho-kinase or phosphoinositide 3-kinase inhibitors or an intracellular calcium chelator. Together, these data indicate that the canonical wound healing regulatory pathway, along with calcium mobilization, regulates CCR6-directed epithelial cell migration. These findings expand the mechanistic role for chemokines and HBD2 in mucosal inflammation to include immunocyte trafficking and killing of microbes with the concomitant activation of restitutive migration and barrier repair.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 9685141
Created: 2014-12-17
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2014-12-17
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.