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Expression profiling shows differential molecular pathways and provides potential new diagnostic biomarkers for colorectal serrated adenocarcinoma.

Authors: Conesa-Zamora, P  Garcia-Solano, J  Garcia-Garcia, F  Turpin Mdel, C  Trujillo-Santos, J  Torres-Moreno, D  Oviedo-Ramirez, I  Carbonell-Munoz, R  Munoz-Delgado, E  Rodriguez-Braun, E  Conesa, A  Perez-Guillermo, M 
Citation: Conesa-Zamora P, etal., Int J Cancer. 2013 Jan 15;132(2):297-307. doi: 10.1002/ijc.27674. Epub 2012 Jun 28.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:22696308
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1002/ijc.27674

Serrated adenocarcinoma (SAC) is a recently recognized colorectal cancer (CRC) subtype accounting for 7.5 to 8.7% of CRCs. It has been shown that SAC has a poorer prognosis and has different molecular and immunohistochemical features compared with conventional carcinoma (CC) but, to date, only one previous study has analyzed its mRNA expression profile by microarray. Using a different microarray platform, we have studied the molecular signature of 11 SACs and compared it with that of 15 matched CC with the aim of discerning the functions which characterize SAC biology and validating, at the mRNA and protein level, the most differentially expressed genes which were also tested using a validation set of 70 SACs and 70 CCs to assess their diagnostic and prognostic values. Microarray data showed a higher representation of morphogenesis-, hypoxia-, cytoskeleton- and vesicle transport-related functions and also an overexpression of fascin1 (actin-bundling protein associated with invasion) and the antiapoptotic gene hippocalcin in SAC all of which were validated both by quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) and immunohistochemistry. Fascin1 expression was statistically associated with KRAS mutation with 88.6% sensitivity and 85.7% specificity for SAC diagnosis and the positivity of fascin1 or hippocalcin was highly suggestive of SAC diagnosis (sensitivity = 100%). Evaluation of these markers in CRCs showing histological and molecular characteristics of high-level microsatellite instability (MSI-H) also helped to distinguish SACs from MSI-H CRCs. Molecular profiling demonstrates that SAC shows activation of distinct signaling pathways and that immunohistochemical fascin1 and hippocalcin expression can be reliably used for its differentiation from other CRC subtypes.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 9693683
Created: 2015-02-10
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2015-02-10
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.