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Distinct and interactive effects of d-amphetamine and haloperidol on levels of neurotensin and its mRNA in subterritories in the dorsal and ventral striatum of the rat.

Authors: Zahm, DS  Williams, ES  Krause, JE  Welch, MA  Grosu, DS 
Citation: Zahm DS, etal., J Comp Neurol. 1998 Nov 2;400(4):487-503.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:9786410

Striatal tissue concentrations of neurotensin, expression of neurotensin/neuromedin N (NT/N) mRNA, and numbers of neurotensin-immunoreactive neurons are increased by d-amphetamine (amph), which stimulates dopamine release in the striatum, and haloperidol (hal), a dopamine receptor antagonist with high affinity for D2-like receptors. The possibility that the effects of these drugs involve distinct subpopulations of striatal neurons was addressed in this study, in which the relative numbers and distributions of striatal neuron profiles containing neurotensin immunoreactivity and/or NT/N mRNA were compared following administrations of hal, amph, hal and amph co-administered, and vehicle. Fourteen striatal subterritories in caudate-putamen, nucleus accumbens, and olfactory tubercle were evaluated. Amph produced increases in the expression of neurotensin preferentially in the ventromedial and caudodorsal subterritories of the caudate-putamen, the rostrobasal cell cluster and lateral shell of the nucleus accumbens, and the olfactory tubercle. Haloperidol produced increased neurotensin expression in much of dorsal and ventral striatum, most prominently in the rostral, dorsomedial and ventrolateral quadrants of the caudate-putamen, and in the rostrobasal cell cluster, rostral pole, medial and lateral shell of the nucleus accumbens and the olfactory tubercle. The numbers of neurons responding to amph and hal in all subterritories following co-administration of the two drugs were significantly less than the summed numbers responding individually to amph and hal. Furthermore, in the subterritories where immunohistochemically detectable responses elicited by amph exceeded those produced by hal, co-administration of the two drugs resulted in responses comparable to those elicited by hal given alone. It is suggested that some of the reported anti-dopaminergic behavioral effects of basal ganglia neurotensin may be attenuated in conditions of reduced dopamine neurotransmission.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 9698453
Created: 2015-02-17
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2015-02-17
Status: ACTIVE



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