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Triiodothyronine inhibits proliferation and stimulates differentiation of cultured neonatal Sertoli cells: possible mechanism for increased adult testis weight and sperm production induced by neonatal goitrogen treatment.

Authors: Cooke, PS  Zhao, YD  Bunick, D 
Citation: Cooke PS, etal., Biol Reprod. 1994 Nov;51(5):1000-5.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:7531505

Transient neonatal hypothyroidism in the rat causes prolonged Sertoli cell proliferation, delayed Sertoli cell maturation, and increased adult Sertoli cell number, testis weight, and sperm production. Conversely, neonatal hyperthyroidism decreases Sertoli cell proliferation and ultimate testis size. This suggests that thyroid hormones might normally directly inhibit Sertoli cell proliferation while promoting maturation. However, these Sertoli cell effects could be due to secondary hormonal or metabolic effects of hypo- or hyperthyroidism. In this study, we directly tested thyroid hormone effects on Sertoli cell proliferation and differentiation in vitro. Sertoli cells from 5-day-old rat testes were grown in serum-free medium alone (controls) or with additional triiodothyronine (T3; 1-200 nM) and/or FSH (1 microgram/ml). After 4 days, cultures were used to obtain RNA for Northern hybridization or for thymidine autoradiography. Labeling index (LI) for control cultures and cultures receiving 100 nM T3 alone was 5.2 +/- 0.5% and 5.0 +/- 0.4%, respectively. The LI of FSH-treated cultures increased to 8.4 +/- 0.8% (p < 0.01 vs. control). Cultures treated with FSH and 1, 10, 100, or 200 nM T3 had LIs of 8.0 +/- 0.9%, 6.1 +/- 0.4%, 5.3 +/- 0.6%, and 4.8 +/- 0.6%, respectively; the last three values were less than for cells receiving FSH alone (p < 0.01) or FSH + 1 nM T3 (p < 0.05). Northern hybridization indicated that mRNA levels for clusterin and inhibin-beta B, Sertoli cell secretory proteins whose production normally increases during postnatal differentiation in vivo, were significantly increased by T3 or FSH alone.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 9743922
Created: 2015-02-20
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2015-02-20
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.