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dynorphin-kappa opioid receptor signaling partly mediates estrogen negative feedback effect on LH pulses in female rats.

Authors: Mostari, P  Ieda, N  Deura, C  Minabe, S  Yamada, S  Uenoyama, Y  Maeda, K  Tsukamura, H 
Citation: Mostari P, etal., J Reprod Dev. 2013;59(3):266-72. Epub 2013 Feb 8.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:23391862

Accumulating evidence suggests that the arcuate nucleus (ARC) kisspeptin/neurokinin B (NKB)/dynorphin (KNDy) neurons play a role in estrogen negative feedback action on pulsatile gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)/luteinizing hormone (LH) release. The present study aimed to determine if dynorphin (Dyn) is involved in estrogen negative feedback on pulsatile GnRH/LH release. The effect of the injection of nor-binaltorphimine (nor-BNI), a kappa-opioid receptor (KOR) antagonist, into the third cerebroventricle (3V) on LH pulses was determined in ovariectomized (OVX) adult female rats with/without replacement of negative feedback levels of estradiol (low E2). The mean LH concentrations and baseline levels of LH secretion in nor-BNI-injected, low E2-treated rats were significantly higher compared with vehicle-treated controls. On the other hand, the nor-BNI treatment failed to affect any LH pulse parameters in OVX rats without low E2 treatment. These results suggest that Dyn is involved in the estrogen negative feedback regulation of pulsatile GnRH/LH release. The low E2 treatment had no significant effect on the numbers of ARC Pdyn (Dyn gene)-,Kiss1- and Tac2 (NKB gene)-expressing cells. The treatment also did not affect mRNA levels of Pdyn and Oprk1 (KOR gene) in the ARC-median eminence region, but significantly increased the ARC kisspeptin immunoreactivity. These findings suggest that the negative feedback level of estrogen suppresses kisspeptin release from the ARC KNDy neurons through an unknown mechanism without affecting the Dyn and KOR expressions in the ARC. Taken together, the present result suggests that Dyn-KOR signaling is a part of estrogen negative feedback action on GnRH/LH pulses by reducing the kisspeptin release in female rats.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 9831393
Created: 2015-03-05
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2015-03-05
Status: ACTIVE



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