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Novel mouse model of monocular amaurosis fugax.

Authors: Lelong, DC  Bieche, I  Perez, E  Bigot, K  Leemput, J  Laurendeau, I  Vidaud, M  Jais, JP  Menasche, M  Abitbol, M 
Citation: Lelong DC, etal., Stroke. 2007 Dec;38(12):3237-44. Epub 2007 Nov 1.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:17975099
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1161/STROKEAHA.107.499319

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Retinal ischemia is a major cause of visual impairment and is associated with a high risk of subsequent ischemic stroke. The retina and its projections are easily accessible for experimental procedures and functional evaluation. We created and characterized a mouse model of global and transient retinal ischemia and provide a comprehensive chronologic profile of some genes that display altered expression during ischemia. METHODS: Ischemia and reperfusion were assessed by observing flat-mounted retinas after systemic fluorescein injection. The temporal pattern of gene expression modulation was evaluated by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction from the occurrence of unilateral 30-minute pterygopalatine artery occlusion until 4 weeks after reperfusion. Electroretinograms evaluated functional sequelae 4 weeks after the ischemic episode and were correlated with histologic lesions. RESULTS: This model is the first to reproduce the features of transient monocular amaurosis fugax resulting from ophthalmic artery occlusion. The histologic structure was roughly conserved, but functional lesions affected ganglion cells, inner nuclear layer cells, and photoreceptor cells. We observed an early and strong upregulation of c-fos, c-jun, Cox-2, Hsp70, and Gadd34 gene expression and a late decrease in Hsp70 transcript levels. CONCLUSIONS: A murine model of transient retinal ischemia was successfully developed that exhibited the characteristic upregulation of immediate-early genes and persistent functional deficits. The model should prove useful for investigating mechanisms of injury in genetically altered mice and for testing novel neuroprotective drugs.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 9999160
Created: 2015-04-08
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2015-04-08
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.